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johntimber
Culture of the Southern United States
Date: Jul 16, 2018 5:04:05 AM PDT
Author: johntimber

Hi,

In the time of their arrival the predominant cultural
influence on
the Southern states was that of the English colonists who
established
the original English colonies in the region. In the 17th
century,
most were of Southern English origins, mostly from regions
such as
Kent, East Anglia and the West Country who settled mostly on
the
coastal regions of the South but pushed as far inland as the
Appalachian mountains by the 18th century. In the 18th
century, large
groups of Scots lowlanders, Northern English and Ulster-
Scots (later
called the Scots-Irish) settled in Appalachia and the
Piedmont.
Following them were larger numbers of English indentured
servants
from across the English Midlands and Southern England, they
would be
the largest group to settle in the Southern Colonies during
the
colonial period.They were often called "crackers", a term
associated
with the cowboys of Georgia and Florida.[8] Before the
American
Revolution, the term was applied by the English, as a
derogatory
epithet for the non-elite settlers of the southern
backcountry. This
usage can be found in a passage from a letter to the Earl of
Dartmouth, "I should explain ... what is meant by Crackers;
a name
they have got from being great boasters; they are a lawless
set of
rascals on the frontiers of Virginia, the Carolinas and
Georgia, who
often change their places of abode." Most European
Southerners today
are of partial or majority English and Scots-Irish ancestry.
In
previous censuses, over a third of Southern responders
identified as
being of English or partly English ancestrywith 19,618,370
self-
identifying as "English" on the 1980 census, followed by
12,709,872
identifying as Irish, 11,054,127 as Afro-American, and
10,742,903 as
German. It should also be noted that those who did identify
themselves of German ancestry were almost exclusively found
in the
northern border areas of the region which are adjacent to
the
American Mid-West. Those from the Tidewater area of Virginia
and the
Tidewater region of North Carolina identified themselves
almost
exclusively as of English origins, while those from the
Piedmont
areas were a mixture of English, Scotch-Irish, Scottish and
Irish
origins. South Georgia has a large Irish presence, the
ancestors of
whom were largely at one time Roman Catholic; however, many
were
converted to various Protestant sects due to the lack of a
missionary
presence of the Catholic Church in the 18th and 19th
centuries. The
predominance of Irish surnames in South Georgia has been
noted by
American historians for some time.


Last modified by johntimber on Jul 16 2018 5:05AM
 

 
 
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